Preprint / Version 1

Improving Students' Writing Skills Using Brainstorming at SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Taman

Meningkatkan Keterampilan Menulis Siswa Menggunakan Brainstorming di SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Taman




brainstorming, writing skills, content, grammar, vocabulary


This current study employed quantitative research to find out students' writing skills in composing descriptive texts using brainstorming techniques at SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Taman. Several elements were considered to analyze the written texts, including content, grammar, and vocabulary usage. A total of 25 students participated in the study to investigate whether the use of brainstorming techniques had a significant effect on constructing descriptive texts at SMP Muhammadiyah 2 Taman. This study used pre-test and post-test writing instrument and measure the data with T-Test. This study expected that Brainstorming can improve students’ writing skills. The study's findings showed a significant effect upon the implementation of brainstorming techniques on students' writing achievements. Thereby, brainstorming techniques can serve in the capacity of an alternative approach to teaching writing, particularly in simply assisting students in understanding content, grammar, and vocabulary.  


Download data is not yet available.


Husna, Lailatul. "An analysis of students’ writing skill in descriptive text at grade X1 IPA 1 of MAN 2 Padang." Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Scholastic 1.1 (2017): 16-28.

Utami, Tossi Ana Ari. "Improving the ability in writing descriptive texts through brainstorming technique for grade viii students at SMP N 1 piyungan." Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta (2014).

Kurnia, Rizki, and Evie Kareviati. "Students’ perception in writing descriptive text." Professional Journal of English Education 4.3 (2021): 397-401.

Ernawati, Rina, Nine Fajriana Purnomo, and Lilis Suryani. "An Error Analysis in Writing Descriptve Text of the Seventh Grade Students." Professional Journal of English Education (2019): 616-621.

Jayanti, Ade Dwi. "Students’ Writing Ability on English Descriptive Text at Grade VIII in SMPN 33 Padang." ENGLISH FRANCA: Academic Journal of English Language and Education 3.1 (2019): 72-94.

Noprianto, Eko. "Student’s Descriptive text writing in SFL perspectives." IJELTAL (Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics) 2.1 (2017): 65-81.

Rahmawati, Eva, Huzairin Mahpul, and Huzairin Huzairin. "The effect of brainstorming technique as a prewriting activity on the students’ achievement in writing descriptives text at Sman 1 Pringsewu." Unpublished masters’ thesis). University of Lampung, Indonesia (2019).

Astuti, Ety Dwi. "Roundtable brainstorming: A technique to improve the writing ability of students in writing descriptive texts." RETAIN 1.3 (2013).

Hashempour, Zahra, Mohammad Rostampour, and Fatemeh Behjat. "The effect of brainstorming as a pre-writing strategy on EFL advanced learners’ writing ability." Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research 2.1 (2015): 86-99.

Abd Karim, Rafidah, Abdul Ghani Abu, and Farah Natchiar Mohd Khaja. "Brainstorming approach and mind mapping in writing activity." Proceedings of English Education International Conference. Vol. 1. No. 2. 2016.

Abedianpour, Soheila, and Arezoo Omidvari. "Brainstorming strategy and writing performance: Effects and attitudes." Journal of Language Teaching and Research 9.5 (2018): 1084-1094.

Hussain, Syed Sarwar. "Teaching writing to second language learners: Bench-marking strategies for classroom." Arab World English Journal (AWEJ) Volume 8 (2017).

Malkawi, Nibal Abdelkarim Mousa, and Mona Smadi. "The Effectiveness of Using Brainstorming Strategy in the Development of Academic Achievement of Sixth Grade Students in English Grammar at Public Schools in Jordan." International Education Studies 11.3 (2018): 92-100.

Nordin, Shahrina Md. "The best of two approaches: Process/genre-based approach to teaching writing." The English Teacher (2017): 11.

Shufi, Nurish. "Improving Class Vii Using Brainstorming Technique Class Vii-A Students’writing Achievement Brainstorming Technique At Mtsn Jember In The Academic Year 2010/2011." (2011).

Langan, John 2001. English Skills. 7th edition. Singapore. McGraw Hill Education.

Anggraini, F. (2020). Brainstorming technique in teaching writing descriptive text. Channing: Journal of English Language Education and Literature, 5(2), 71-74.

Hughes, Arthur. Testing for language teachers. Cambridge university press, 2020.


Rahmawati, E. (2022). The Effect of Brainstorming Technique as a Pre-Writing Activity on the Students’ Achievement in Writing Descriptive Text. Journal Corner of Education, Linguistics, and Literature, 2(1), 38-43.

Kembaren, F. R. W., & Patmala, I. V. (2022). An Analysis of Brainstorming Learning Strategy on the Students’ Writing Descriptive Text in Junior High School. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 10(2), 1601-1610.

Rizkina, S. (2017). The effect of brainstorming technique in writing descriptive text at viii grade of mtsn stabat in 2016/2017 academic year (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara).

Hijriyanti, R. (2020). Implementation Of Brainstorming Technique To Improve Students’ Writing In Recount Text (Doctoral dissertation, UIN Ar-Raniry).